Decadal DSMs of Apollo Bay, Victoria, Australia, 1946, 66, 71, 77 and 86

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Decadal DSMs, photomosaics and point clouds of of Apollo Bay, Victoria, Australia, created through Structure-from-Motion (SfM) technique applied to historical aerial photography taken in May 1946, Mar 1966, Jan 1971, Feb 1977 and Mar 1986. These datasets were originally generated to quantify decadal volumetric changes along sandy beaches of the iconic Great Ocean Road, in Australia. Results of this study, as well as further details of these datasets were published elsewhere (Carvalho, R. C. et al. Quantifying decadal volumetric changes along sandy beaches using improved historical aerial photographic models and contemporary data. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 2021).

opentopoID: OTDS.032021.28354.1
Platform: Structure from Motion / Photogrammetry
Data Format: Point Cloud, Raster
Dataset Acknowledgement: The creator of these datasets would appreciate being contacted before their use in future projects or publications. Users must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made.
Dataset Citation: Carvalho, R. (2021). Decadal DSMs of Apollo Bay, Victoria, Australia, 1946, 66, 71, 77 and 86. Distributed by OpenTopography. https://doi.org/10.5069/G9QN64X1. Accessed: 2022-09-29
Survey Area: 105.49 km2
Publication Date: 03/26/2021
Number of lidar returns: 60,042,806 pts
Point Density: 0.57 pts/m2
Coordinates System:
Horizontal: GDA94 / MGA zone 54 [EPSG: 28354]
Vertical: Australian Height Datum (AHD)

3D Point Cloud Viewer


Spatial Extent
Point Cloud Extent Raster Extent
    Point Cloud Data
  File Name Size Points Area (m2) Density  
1     Apollo_1946.las     83.23 MB     2,566,671     29,347,800     0.09         View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
PROJCS["GDA94 / MGA zone 54",GEOGCS["GDA94",DATUM["Geocentric_Datum_of_Australia_1994",SPHEROID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.257222101,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7019"]],TOWGS84[0,0,0,0,0,0,0],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6283"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4283"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",141],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",10000000],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","28354"]]
Lat/Lon/Elevation Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon,elev): [-38.74026815, 143.6798297, 184.308]
South-West (lat,lon,elev): [-38.78989775, 143.6334699, -22.9]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y): 732757.598, 5708640.086]
South-West (X,Y): 728882.545, 5703239.498]
Classifications:
Class 1 (Unclassified):     2,566,671
2     Apollo_1966.las     213.77 MB     6,592,753     4,971,142     1.33         View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
PROJCS["GDA94 / MGA zone 54",GEOGCS["GDA94",DATUM["Geocentric_Datum_of_Australia_1994",SPHEROID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.257222101,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7019"]],TOWGS84[0,0,0,0,0,0,0],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6283"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4283"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",141],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",10000000],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","28354"]]
Lat/Lon/Elevation Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon,elev): [-38.73600693, 143.6807314, 65.528]
South-West (lat,lon,elev): [-38.764217, 143.6617925, -4.462]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y): 732917.545, 5709108.772]
South-West (X,Y): 731360.238, 5706020.469]
Classifications:
Class 1 (Unclassified):     6,592,753
3     Apollo_1971.las     553.14 MB     17,059,099     9,846,133     1.73         View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
PROJCS["GDA94 / MGA zone 54",GEOGCS["GDA94",DATUM["Geocentric_Datum_of_Australia_1994",SPHEROID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.257222101,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7019"]],TOWGS84[0,0,0,0,0,0,0],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6283"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4283"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",141],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",10000000],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","28354"]]
Lat/Lon/Elevation Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon,elev): [-38.73108963, 143.6883443, 214.986]
South-West (lat,lon,elev): [-38.77905586, 143.6528886, -8.809]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y): 733531.855, 5709637.012]
South-West (X,Y): 730600.854, 5704394.154]
Classifications:
Class 1 (Unclassified):     17,059,099
4     Apollo_1977.las     730.19 MB     22,519,359     45,973,313     0.49         View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
PROJCS["GDA94 / MGA zone 54",GEOGCS["GDA94",DATUM["Geocentric_Datum_of_Australia_1994",SPHEROID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.257222101,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7019"]],TOWGS84[0,0,0,0,0,0,0],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6283"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4283"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",141],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",10000000],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","28354"]]
Lat/Lon/Elevation Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon,elev): [-38.72180179, 143.7000439, 236.939]
South-West (lat,lon,elev): [-38.78879805, 143.6419369, -7.3]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y): 734518.052, 5710639.777]
South-West (X,Y): 729676.888, 5703338.715]
Classifications:
Class 1 (Unclassified):     22,519,359
5     Apollo_1986.las     366.56 MB     11,304,924     15,349,042     0.74         View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
PROJCS["GDA94 / MGA zone 54",GEOGCS["GDA94",DATUM["Geocentric_Datum_of_Australia_1994",SPHEROID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.257222101,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7019"]],TOWGS84[0,0,0,0,0,0,0],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6283"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4283"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",141],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",10000000],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","28354"]]
Lat/Lon/Elevation Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon,elev): [-38.7333913, 143.681266, 263.855]
South-West (lat,lon,elev): [-38.78330895, 143.6483704, -6.585]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y): 732902.828, 5709399.768]
South-West (X,Y): 730200.858, 5703933.3]
Classifications:
Class 1 (Unclassified):     11,304,924
  Summary 1.90 GB     60,042,806     105,487,430     0.57      
    Raster Data
  File Name Size Resolution Dimensions Layer Type  
1     Apollo_1946_dsm.tif     156.55 MB     0.51 meter     7510 x 9876                 View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
PROJCS["GDA94 / MGA zone 54", GEOGCS["GDA94", DATUM["Geocentric_Datum_of_Australia_1994", SPHEROID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.257222101, AUTHORITY["EPSG","7019"]], TOWGS84[0,0,0,0,0,0,0], AUTHORITY["EPSG","6283"]], PRIMEM["Greenwich",0, AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]], UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433, AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]], AUTHORITY["EPSG","4283"]], PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"], PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0], PARAMETER["central_meridian",141], PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996], PARAMETER["false_easting",500000], PARAMETER["false_northing",10000000], UNIT["metre",1, AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]], AXIS["Easting",EAST], AXIS["Northing",NORTH], AUTHORITY["EPSG","28354"]]
Lat/Lon Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon) [-38.74138978153034, 143.6772333493928]
South-West (lat,lon) [-38.78745968088023, 143.63512630619758]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y) [732686.396, 5708517.57]
South-West (X,Y) [728878.826, 5703510.438]
2     Apollo_1946_mosaic.tif     109.87 MB     0.51 meter     7510 x 9876                 View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
PROJCS["GDA94 / MGA zone 54", GEOGCS["GDA94", DATUM["Geocentric_Datum_of_Australia_1994", SPHEROID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.257222101, AUTHORITY["EPSG","7019"]], TOWGS84[0,0,0,0,0,0,0], AUTHORITY["EPSG","6283"]], PRIMEM["Greenwich",0, AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]], UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433, AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]], AUTHORITY["EPSG","4283"]], PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"], PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0], PARAMETER["central_meridian",141], PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996], PARAMETER["false_easting",500000], PARAMETER["false_northing",10000000], UNIT["metre",1, AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]], AXIS["Easting",EAST], AXIS["Northing",NORTH], AUTHORITY["EPSG","28354"]]
Lat/Lon Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon) [-38.74138978153034, 143.6772333493928]
South-West (lat,lon) [-38.78745968088023, 143.63512630619758]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y) [732686.396, 5708517.57]
South-West (X,Y) [728878.826, 5703510.438]
3     Apollo_1966_dsm.tif     431.21 MB     0.12 meter     11582 x 25488                 View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
PROJCS["GDA94 / MGA zone 54", GEOGCS["GDA94", DATUM["Geocentric_Datum_of_Australia_1994", SPHEROID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.257222101, AUTHORITY["EPSG","7019"]], TOWGS84[0,0,0,0,0,0,0], AUTHORITY["EPSG","6283"]], PRIMEM["Greenwich",0, AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]], UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433, AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]], AUTHORITY["EPSG","4283"]], PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"], PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0], PARAMETER["central_meridian",141], PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996], PARAMETER["false_easting",500000], PARAMETER["false_northing",10000000], UNIT["metre",1, AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]], AXIS["Easting",EAST], AXIS["Northing",NORTH], AUTHORITY["EPSG","28354"]]
Lat/Lon Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon) [-38.736483896351636, 143.67935269317607]
South-West (lat,lon) [-38.76414049836373, 143.66453231476905]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y) [732886.57, 5709056.694]
South-West (X,Y) [731508.775, 5706024.641]
4     Apollo_1966_mosaic.tif     143.55 MB     0.12 meter     11582 x 25488                 View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
PROJCS["GDA94 / MGA zone 54", GEOGCS["GDA94", DATUM["Geocentric_Datum_of_Australia_1994", SPHEROID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.257222101, AUTHORITY["EPSG","7019"]], TOWGS84[0,0,0,0,0,0,0], AUTHORITY["EPSG","6283"]], PRIMEM["Greenwich",0, AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]], UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433, AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]], AUTHORITY["EPSG","4283"]], PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"], PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0], PARAMETER["central_meridian",141], PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996], PARAMETER["false_easting",500000], PARAMETER["false_northing",10000000], UNIT["metre",1, AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]], AXIS["Easting",EAST], AXIS["Northing",NORTH], AUTHORITY["EPSG","28354"]]
Lat/Lon Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon) [-38.736483896351636, 143.67935269317607]
South-West (lat,lon) [-38.76414049836373, 143.66453231476905]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y) [732886.57, 5709056.694]
South-West (X,Y) [731508.775, 5706024.641]
5     Apollo_1971_dsm.tif     996.13 MB     0.12 meter     19499 x 41951                 View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
PROJCS["GDA94 / MGA zone 54", GEOGCS["GDA94", DATUM["Geocentric_Datum_of_Australia_1994", SPHEROID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.257222101, AUTHORITY["EPSG","7019"]], TOWGS84[0,0,0,0,0,0,0], AUTHORITY["EPSG","6283"]], PRIMEM["Greenwich",0, AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]], UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433, AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]], AUTHORITY["EPSG","4283"]], PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"], PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0], PARAMETER["central_meridian",141], PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996], PARAMETER["false_easting",500000], PARAMETER["false_northing",10000000], UNIT["metre",1, AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]], AXIS["Easting",EAST], AXIS["Northing",NORTH], AUTHORITY["EPSG","28354"]]
Lat/Lon Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon) [-38.732833163220114, 143.68080120581314]
South-West (lat,lon) [-38.77877599344984, 143.65558291624785]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y) [733024.365, 5709458.21]
South-West (X,Y) [730683.9, 5704422.831]
6     Apollo_1971_mosaic.tif     367.71 MB     0.12 meter     19499 x 41951                 View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
PROJCS["GDA94 / MGA zone 54", GEOGCS["GDA94", DATUM["Geocentric_Datum_of_Australia_1994", SPHEROID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.257222101, AUTHORITY["EPSG","7019"]], TOWGS84[0,0,0,0,0,0,0], AUTHORITY["EPSG","6283"]], PRIMEM["Greenwich",0, AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]], UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433, AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]], AUTHORITY["EPSG","4283"]], PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"], PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0], PARAMETER["central_meridian",141], PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996], PARAMETER["false_easting",500000], PARAMETER["false_northing",10000000], UNIT["metre",1, AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]], AXIS["Easting",EAST], AXIS["Northing",NORTH], AUTHORITY["EPSG","28354"]]
Lat/Lon Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon) [-38.732833163220114, 143.68080120581314]
South-West (lat,lon) [-38.77877599344984, 143.65558291624785]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y) [733024.365, 5709458.21]
South-West (X,Y) [730683.9, 5704422.831]
7     Apollo_1977_dsm.tif     1.21 GB     0.16 meter     29837 x 46532                 View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
PROJCS["GDA94 / MGA zone 54", GEOGCS["GDA94", DATUM["Geocentric_Datum_of_Australia_1994", SPHEROID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.257222101, AUTHORITY["EPSG","7019"]], TOWGS84[0,0,0,0,0,0,0], AUTHORITY["EPSG","6283"]], PRIMEM["Greenwich",0, AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]], UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433, AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]], AUTHORITY["EPSG","4283"]], PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"], PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0], PARAMETER["central_meridian",141], PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996], PARAMETER["false_easting",500000], PARAMETER["false_northing",10000000], UNIT["metre",1, AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]], AXIS["Easting",EAST], AXIS["Northing",NORTH], AUTHORITY["EPSG","28354"]]
Lat/Lon Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon) [-38.72239703124057, 143.6957702799772]
South-West (lat,lon) [-38.7886665846922, 143.6449250998236]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y) [734359.859, 5710578.313]
South-West (X,Y) [729726.173, 5703351.893]
8     Apollo_1977_mosaic.tif     422.27 MB     0.16 meter     29837 x 46532                 View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
PROJCS["GDA94 / MGA zone 54", GEOGCS["GDA94", DATUM["Geocentric_Datum_of_Australia_1994", SPHEROID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.257222101, AUTHORITY["EPSG","7019"]], TOWGS84[0,0,0,0,0,0,0], AUTHORITY["EPSG","6283"]], PRIMEM["Greenwich",0, AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]], UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433, AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]], AUTHORITY["EPSG","4283"]], PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"], PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0], PARAMETER["central_meridian",141], PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996], PARAMETER["false_easting",500000], PARAMETER["false_northing",10000000], UNIT["metre",1, AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]], AXIS["Easting",EAST], AXIS["Northing",NORTH], AUTHORITY["EPSG","28354"]]
Lat/Lon Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon) [-38.72239703124057, 143.6957702799772]
South-West (lat,lon) [-38.7886665846922, 143.6449250998236]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y) [734359.859, 5710578.313]
South-West (X,Y) [729726.173, 5703351.893]
9     Apollo_1986_dsm.tif     730.42 MB     0.15 meter     16948 x 35570                 View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
PROJCS["GDA94 / MGA zone 54", GEOGCS["GDA94", DATUM["Geocentric_Datum_of_Australia_1994", SPHEROID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.257222101, AUTHORITY["EPSG","7019"]], TOWGS84[0,0,0,0,0,0,0], AUTHORITY["EPSG","6283"]], PRIMEM["Greenwich",0, AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]], UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433, AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]], AUTHORITY["EPSG","4283"]], PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"], PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0], PARAMETER["central_meridian",141], PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996], PARAMETER["false_easting",500000], PARAMETER["false_northing",10000000], UNIT["metre",1, AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]], AXIS["Easting",EAST], AXIS["Northing",NORTH], AUTHORITY["EPSG","28354"]]
Lat/Lon Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon) [-38.73355293942741, 143.6787427647482]
South-West (lat,lon) [-38.78319118244223, 143.65077211608033]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y) [732843.071, 5709383.561]
South-West (X,Y) [730251.722, 5703944.908]
10     Apollo_1986_mosaic.tif     966.68 MB     0.15 meter     16948 x 35570                 View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
PROJCS["GDA94 / MGA zone 54", GEOGCS["GDA94", DATUM["Geocentric_Datum_of_Australia_1994", SPHEROID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.257222101, AUTHORITY["EPSG","7019"]], TOWGS84[0,0,0,0,0,0,0], AUTHORITY["EPSG","6283"]], PRIMEM["Greenwich",0, AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]], UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433, AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]], AUTHORITY["EPSG","4283"]], PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"], PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0], PARAMETER["central_meridian",141], PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996], PARAMETER["false_easting",500000], PARAMETER["false_northing",10000000], UNIT["metre",1, AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]], AXIS["Easting",EAST], AXIS["Northing",NORTH], AUTHORITY["EPSG","28354"]]
Lat/Lon Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon) [-38.73355293942741, 143.6787427647482]
South-West (lat,lon) [-38.78319118244223, 143.65077211608033]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y) [732843.071, 5709383.561]
South-West (X,Y) [730251.722, 5703944.908]
  Summary 5.43 GB            
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