Almaty city, Kazakhstan, 2014 (derived from Pleiades stereo imagery)

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This dataset is a Pointcloud over Almaty city, Kazakhstan, derived from Pleiades stereo panchromatic optical imagery acquired in 2014. The four scenes (two pairs, covering different but overlapping areas) were processed in Agisoft Metashape version 1.6.2 with ‘High’ accuracy alignment parameters, and the depth maps were produced using ‘Ultra high’ quality and ‘Mild’ filtering. These have been co-registered to TanDEM-X following the geolocation procedure of Nuth et al 2011, which shifted the eastern pointcloud by 1.61/2.24/-5.76 metres in the x/y/z directions respectively, and the western pointcloud by 3.06/1.50/-2.79 metres in x/y/z respectively. A complete description of the generation of these datasets, the images that were used to construct the DEMs and the co-registration can be found in the associated paper. Please cite this publication if you use this pointcloud: Amey R, Elliott J, Hussain E, Walker R, Pagani M, Silva V, Abdrakhmatov K, Watson C. 2021. Significant Seismic Risk Potential from Buried Faults Beneath Almaty City, Kazakhstan, revealed from high-resolution satellite DEMs. Earth and Space Science, 10.1029/2021EA001664 This work has been supported by the the Royal Society GCRF Challenge grant (CHG\R1\170038) and the NERC Innovation award (grant number NE/S013911/1). JRE is supported by a Royal Society University Research fellowship (UF150282), CSW is funded by COMET and the GCRF Urban Disaster Risk Hub (NE/S009000/1), RTW is supported through the NATO Science for Peace and Security Program (Multi-year project G5690).

opentopoID: OTDS.022021.32643.1
Platform: Structure from Motion / Photogrammetry
Data Format: Point Cloud
Dataset Acknowledgement: We gratefully acknowledge the Committee for Earth Observing Satellites (CEOS) Seismic Demonstrator for providing Pléiades stereo imagery along the northern Tien Shan, and some Pleiades imagery was purchased through the NERC/ESRC Earthquakes without Frontiers (EwF) consortium (grant number NE/J02001X/1). Pleiades images made available by CNES in the framework of the CEOS Working Group for Disasters. © CNES (2012,2014,2017), and Airbus DS, all rights reserved.
Dataset Citation: Amey, R., Watson, C.S., Elliott, J., Walker, R. (2021). Almaty city, Kazakhstan, 2014 (derived from Pleiades stereo imagery). Distributed by OpenTopography. https://doi.org/10.5069/G9RJ4GN3. Accessed: 2022-09-29
Survey Date: 11/01/2014 - 11/14/2014
Survey Area: 366.88 km2
Publication Date: 02/04/2021
Number of lidar returns: 2,105,680,531 pts
Point Density: 5.84 pts/m2
Coordinates System:
Horizontal: WGS 84 / UTM zone 43N [EPSG: 32643]

3D Point Cloud Viewer


Spatial Extent
    Point Cloud Data
  File Name Size Points Area (m2) Density  
1     630000_4770000.laz     234.38 MB     58,244,016     10,613,851     5.49         View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
COMPD_CS["unknown",PROJCS["WGS 84 / UTM zone 43N",GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",75],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","32643"]],VERT_CS["unknown",VERT_DATUM["unknown",2005],UNIT["metre",1.0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Up",UP]]]
Lat/Lon/Elevation Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon,elev): [43.16045623, 76.72206767, 1491.33]
South-West (lat,lon,elev): [43.13574521, 76.67729068, 971.04]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y): 639999.99, 4779999.99]
South-West (X,Y): 636411.7, 4777327.41]
Classifications:
Class 0 (Created, never classified):     58,244,016
2     630000_4780000.laz     274.20 MB     70,807,818     13,465,568     5.26         View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
COMPD_CS["unknown",PROJCS["WGS 84 / UTM zone 43N",GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",75],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","32643"]],VERT_CS["unknown",VERT_DATUM["unknown",2005],UNIT["metre",1.0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Up",UP]]]
Lat/Lon/Elevation Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon,elev): [43.19267356, 76.72297329, 1162.84]
South-West (lat,lon,elev): [43.15980061, 76.67755075, 783.96]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y): 639999.99, 4783578.67]
South-West (X,Y): 636379.33, 4780000.0]
Classifications:
Class 0 (Created, never classified):     70,807,818
3     640000_4770000.laz     684.48 MB     171,514,736     28,844,240     5.95         View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
COMPD_CS["unknown",PROJCS["WGS 84 / UTM zone 43N",GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",75],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","32643"]],VERT_CS["unknown",VERT_DATUM["unknown",2005],UNIT["metre",1.0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Up",UP]]]
Lat/Lon/Elevation Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon,elev): [43.15980052, 76.8450121, 1523.61]
South-West (lat,lon,elev): [43.13326849, 76.72137669, 926.32]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y): 649999.99, 4779999.99]
South-West (X,Y): 640000.0, 4777265.05]
Classifications:
Class 0 (Created, never classified):     171,514,736
4     640000_4780000.laz     886.38 MB     226,315,106     41,537,663     5.45         View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
COMPD_CS["unknown",PROJCS["WGS 84 / UTM zone 43N",GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",75],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","32643"]],VERT_CS["unknown",VERT_DATUM["unknown",2005],UNIT["metre",1.0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Up",UP]]]
Lat/Lon/Elevation Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon,elev): [43.20586722, 76.84640014, 1217.49]
South-West (lat,lon,elev): [43.15788354, 76.72206779, 745.77]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y): 649999.99, 4785118.1]
South-West (X,Y): 640000.0, 4780000.0]
Classifications:
Class 0 (Created, never classified):     226,315,106
5     650000_4770000_east.laz     207.94 MB     45,501,193     8,698,497     5.23         View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
COMPD_CS["unknown",PROJCS["WGS 84 / UTM zone 43N",GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],TOWGS84[0,0,0,0,0,0,0],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",75],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","32643"]],VERT_CS["unknown",VERT_DATUM["unknown",2005],UNIT["metre",1.0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Up",UP]]]
Lat/Lon/Elevation Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon,elev): [43.15730459, 76.95115182, 1607.39]
South-West (lat,lon,elev): [43.13869806, 76.88002121, 1104.86]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y): 658633.95, 4779999.99]
South-West (X,Y): 652891.19, 4778063.91]
Classifications:
Class 0 (Created, never classified):     45,501,193
6     650000_4770000.laz     326.13 MB     80,604,356     15,153,578     5.32         View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
COMPD_CS["unknown",PROJCS["WGS 84 / UTM zone 43N",GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",75],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","32643"]],VERT_CS["unknown",VERT_DATUM["unknown",2005],UNIT["metre",1.0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Up",UP]]]
Lat/Lon/Elevation Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon,elev): [43.15788345, 76.92946037, 1577.6]
South-West (lat,lon,elev): [43.13283718, 76.84430074, 1104.95]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y): 656869.39, 4779999.99]
South-West (X,Y): 650000.0, 4777371.82]
Classifications:
Class 0 (Created, never classified):     80,604,356
7     650000_4770000_west.laz     326.13 MB     80,604,356     15,153,578     5.32         View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
COMPD_CS["unknown",PROJCS["WGS 84 / UTM zone 43N",GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",75],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","32643"]],VERT_CS["unknown",VERT_DATUM["unknown",2005],UNIT["metre",1.0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Up",UP]]]
Lat/Lon/Elevation Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon,elev): [43.15788345, 76.92946037, 1577.6]
South-West (lat,lon,elev): [43.13283718, 76.84430074, 1104.95]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y): 656869.39, 4779999.99]
South-West (X,Y): 650000.0, 4777371.82]
Classifications:
Class 0 (Created, never classified):     80,604,356
8     650000_4780000.laz     1.68 GB     408,608,385     66,557,147     6.14         View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
COMPD_CS["unknown",PROJCS["WGS 84 / UTM zone 43N",GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],TOWGS84[0,0,0,0,0,0,0],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",75],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","32643"]],VERT_CS["unknown",VERT_DATUM["unknown",2005],UNIT["metre",1.0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Up",UP]]]
Lat/Lon/Elevation Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon,elev): [43.24731988, 76.97083974, 1456.9]
South-West (lat,lon,elev): [43.15583446, 76.87957043, 758.75]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y): 659999.99, 4789999.99]
South-West (X,Y): 652811.06, 4780000.0]
Classifications:
Class 0 (Created, never classified):     408,608,385
9     650000_4780000_west.laz     1.16 GB     290,549,081     50,773,578     5.72         View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
COMPD_CS["unknown",PROJCS["WGS 84 / UTM zone 43N",GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",75],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","32643"]],VERT_CS["unknown",VERT_DATUM["unknown",2005],UNIT["metre",1.0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Up",UP]]]
Lat/Lon/Elevation Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon,elev): [43.23883282, 76.93206964, 1454.09]
South-West (lat,lon,elev): [43.15648919, 76.84501223, 776.0]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y): 656873.96, 4788994.27]
South-West (X,Y): 650000.0, 4780000.0]
Classifications:
Class 0 (Created, never classified):     290,549,081
10     650000_4790000.laz     256.13 MB     63,519,031     9,838,389     6.46         View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
COMPD_CS["unknown",PROJCS["WGS 84 / UTM zone 43N",GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],TOWGS84[0,0,0,0,0,0,0],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",75],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","32643"]],VERT_CS["unknown",VERT_DATUM["unknown",2005],UNIT["metre",1.0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Up",UP]]]
Lat/Lon/Elevation Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon,elev): [43.28676968, 76.97213577, 862.46]
South-West (lat,lon,elev): [43.2458289, 76.92414258, 685.84]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y): 659999.99, 4794460.82]
South-West (X,Y): 656206.82, 4790000.0]
Classifications:
Class 0 (Created, never classified):     63,519,031
11     660000_4780000.laz     463.98 MB     109,298,165     18,715,105     5.84         View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
COMPD_CS["unknown",PROJCS["WGS 84 / UTM zone 43N",GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],TOWGS84[0,0,0,0,0,0,0],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",75],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","32643"]],VERT_CS["unknown",VERT_DATUM["unknown",2005],UNIT["metre",1.0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Up",UP]]]
Lat/Lon/Elevation Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon,elev): [43.24582881, 77.02329091, 1384.76]
South-West (lat,lon,elev): [43.17022186, 76.96843556, 828.63]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y): 664260.74, 4789999.99]
South-West (X,Y): 660000.0, 4781700.21]
Classifications:
Class 0 (Created, never classified):     109,298,165
12     660000_4790000.laz     1.61 GB     414,215,048     67,367,649     6.15         View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
COMPD_CS["unknown",PROJCS["WGS 84 / UTM zone 43N",GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],TOWGS84[0,0,0,0,0,0,0],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",75],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","32643"]],VERT_CS["unknown",VERT_DATUM["unknown",2005],UNIT["metre",1.0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Up",UP]]]
Lat/Lon/Elevation Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon,elev): [43.32983144, 77.09682323, 1347.94]
South-West (lat,lon,elev): [43.243641, 76.97083986, 650.92]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y): 669999.99, 4799334.35]
South-West (X,Y): 660000.0, 4790000.0]
Classifications:
Class 0 (Created, never classified):     414,215,048
13     670000_4790000.laz     517.38 MB     123,486,400     20,157,501     6.13         View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
COMPD_CS["unknown",PROJCS["WGS 84 / UTM zone 43N",GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],TOWGS84[0,0,0,0,0,0,0],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",75],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","32643"]],VERT_CS["unknown",VERT_DATUM["unknown",2005],UNIT["metre",1.0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Up",UP]]]
Lat/Lon/Elevation Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon,elev): [43.32865542, 77.13644644, 1425.37]
South-West (lat,lon,elev): [43.27137459, 77.0949151, 698.85]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y): 673211.72, 4799447.51]
South-West (X,Y): 670000.0, 4793163.26]
Classifications:
Class 0 (Created, never classified):     123,486,400
  Summary 8.53 GB     2,143,267,691     366,876,343     5.84      
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Bulk Download     opentopoID: OTDS.022021.32643.1

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