East Fork White River Chute Cutoff with UAS (ESPL), Indiana, 2018

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Meandering river sinuosity increases until the channel erodes into itself (neck cutoff) or forms a new channel over the floodplain (chute cutoff) and sinuosity is reduced. Unlike neck cutoff, which can be measured or modeled without considering overbank processes, chute cutoff must be at least partially controlled by channel-forming processes on the floodplain. Even though chute cutoff controls meandering river form, the processes that cause chute cutoff are not well understood. This study analyzes the morphology of two incipient chute cutoffs along the East Fork White River, Indiana, USA, using high temporal and spatial resolution UAS-based lidar and aerial photography. Lidar and aerial imagery obtained between 1998 and 2019 reveals that large scour holes formed in the center of both chutes sometime after chute channel initiation. A larger analysis within the study watershed reveals that scour holes within incipient chutes can be stable or unstable and tend to stabilize when the chute is colonized by native vegetation and forest. When the scour holes form in farmed floodplain, they enlarge rapidly after initial formation and contribute to complete chute cutoff. In addition, this study shows that the formation of scour holes can occur in response to common, relatively low-magnitude floods and that the amount of incipient chute erosion does not depend on peak flood magnitude. The role of scour holes in enlarging of chute channels could be an important mechanism for chute channel evolution in meandering rivers. This study also confirms that understanding the relationships among flow, land cover, and cutoff morphology is substantially improved with on-demand remote sensing techniques like integrated UAS and lidar.

opentopoID: OTDS.012020.26916.1
Platform: Airborne Lidar
Data Format: Point Cloud, Raster
Dataset Acknowledgement: N/A - Acknowledgement Guidance
Dataset Citation: Lewis, Q. (2020). East Fork White River Chute Cutoff with UAS (ESPL), Indiana, 2018. Distributed by OpenTopography. https://doi.org/10.5069/G95H7DDN. Accessed: 2022-09-28
Survey Date: 06/05/2018 - 04/10/2019
Publication Date: 01/14/2020
Number of lidar returns: 251,971,167 pts
Coordinates System:
Horizontal: NAD_1983_UTM_Zone_16N [EPSG: 26916]

3D Point Cloud Viewer


Spatial Extent
Point Cloud Extent Raster Extent
    Point Cloud Data
  File Name Size Points Area (m2) Density  
1     BedwellCase1_June_05_2018.laz     160.91 MB     36,874,865     753,959     48.91         View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
COMPD_CS["unknown",PROJCS["WGS 84 / UTM zone 16N",GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-87],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","32616"]],VERT_CS["unknown",VERT_DATUM["unknown",2005],UNIT["metre",1.0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Up",UP]]]
Lat/Lon/Elevation Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon,elev): [38.78234724, -86.21225892, 284.701]
South-West (lat,lon,elev): [38.77108817, -86.22364343, -179.605]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y): 568420.909, 4292910.128]
South-West (X,Y): 567442.532, 4291668.992]
Classifications:
Class 1 (Unclassified):     18,505,096
Class 2 (Ground):     18,366,429
Class 7 (Low Point (noise)):     3,340
2     BedwellCase2_July_04_2018.laz     109.72 MB     26,634,986     568,427     46.86         View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
COMPD_CS["unknown",PROJCS["WGS 84 / UTM zone 16N",GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-87],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","32616"]],VERT_CS["unknown",VERT_DATUM["unknown",2005],UNIT["metre",1.0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Up",UP]]]
Lat/Lon/Elevation Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon,elev): [38.77952594, -86.21226194, 422.406]
South-West (lat,lon,elev): [38.77061668, -86.22156746, -106.141]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y): 568423.33, 4292598.565]
South-West (X,Y): 567623.333, 4291616.689]
Classifications:
Class 1 (Unclassified):     9,697,352
Class 2 (Ground):     16,935,008
Class 7 (Low Point (noise)):     2,626
3     BedwellCase3_July_19_2018.laz     159.11 MB     40,519,800     628,376     64.48         View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
COMPD_CS["unknown",PROJCS["WGS 84 / UTM zone 16N",GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-87],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","32616"]],VERT_CS["unknown",VERT_DATUM["unknown",2005],UNIT["metre",1.0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Up",UP]]]
Lat/Lon/Elevation Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon,elev): [38.78150938, -86.21213555, 261.757]
South-West (lat,lon,elev): [38.77108936, -86.22366393, -101.251]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y): 568432.427, 4292817.13]
South-West (X,Y): 567440.749, 4291669.223]
Classifications:
Class 1 (Unclassified):     12,023,953
Class 2 (Ground):     28,492,486
Class 7 (Low Point (noise)):     3,361
4     BedwellCase4_April_10_2019.laz     158.58 MB     39,157,656     631,606     62         View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
COMPD_CS["unknown",PROJCS["WGS 84 / UTM zone 16N",GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-87],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","32616"]],VERT_CS["unknown",VERT_DATUM["unknown",2005],UNIT["metre",1.0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Up",UP]]]
Lat/Lon/Elevation Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon,elev): [38.7813563, -86.21251041, 210.55]
South-West (lat,lon,elev): [38.77102241, -86.22379309, -191.808]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y): 568400.011, 4292800.047]
South-West (X,Y): 567429.593, 4291661.515]
Classifications:
Class 1 (Unclassified):     8,805,217
Class 2 (Ground):     30,350,187
Class 7 (Low Point (noise)):     2,252
5     MartinCase1_June_07_2018.laz     170.31 MB     37,334,603     752,741     49.6         View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
COMPD_CS["unknown",PROJCS["WGS 84 / UTM zone 16N",GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-87],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","32616"]],VERT_CS["unknown",VERT_DATUM["unknown",2005],UNIT["metre",1.0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Up",UP]]]
Lat/Lon/Elevation Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon,elev): [38.78053988, -86.20563494, 313.369]
South-West (lat,lon,elev): [38.77187354, -86.21493857, -154.344]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y): 568997.986, 4292716.001]
South-West (X,Y): 568198.003, 4291761.14]
Classifications:
Class 1 (Unclassified):     24,761,752
Class 2 (Ground):     12,569,417
Class 7 (Low Point (noise)):     3,434
6     MartinCase2_July_04_2018..laz     119.28 MB     37,459,847     454,416     82.44         View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
COMPD_CS["unknown",PROJCS["WGS 84 / UTM zone 16N",GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-87],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","32616"]],VERT_CS["unknown",VERT_DATUM["unknown",2005],UNIT["metre",1.0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Up",UP]]]
Lat/Lon/Elevation Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon,elev): [38.77949509, -86.20562404, 437.06]
South-West (lat,lon,elev): [38.7722249, -86.21491173, -47.28]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y): 568999.94, 4292600.07]
South-West (X,Y): 568200.0, 4291800.15]
Classifications:
Class 1 (Unclassified):     18,675,512
Class 2 (Ground):     18,781,107
Class 7 (Low Point (noise)):     3,228
7     MartinCase4_April_10_2019.laz     141.67 MB     33,989,410     336,629     100.97         View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
COMPD_CS["unknown",PROJCS["WGS 84 / UTM zone 16N",GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["WGS_1984",SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]],PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"],PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0],PARAMETER["central_meridian",-87],PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996],PARAMETER["false_easting",500000],PARAMETER["false_northing",0],UNIT["metre",1,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Easting",EAST],AXIS["Northing",NORTH],AUTHORITY["EPSG","32616"]],VERT_CS["unknown",VERT_DATUM["unknown",2005],UNIT["metre",1.0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]],AXIS["Up",UP]]]
Lat/Lon/Elevation Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon,elev): [38.77949423, -86.20562437, 244.511]
South-West (lat,lon,elev): [38.77222357, -86.21491174, 152.601]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y): 568999.912, 4292599.975]
South-West (X,Y): 568200.0, 4291800.002]
Classifications:
Class 1 (Unclassified):     12,857,939
Class 2 (Ground):     21,128,393
Class 7 (Low Point (noise)):     3,078
  Summary 1019.58 MB     251,971,167     4,126,154     61.07      
    Raster Data
  File Name Size Resolution Dimensions Layer Type  
1     UAS1_Bedwell.tif     66.95 MB     0.25 meter     3684 x 4761                 View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
PROJCS["NAD_1983_UTM_Zone_16N", GEOGCS["NAD83", DATUM["North_American_Datum_1983", SPHEROID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.2572221010042, AUTHORITY["EPSG","7019"]], AUTHORITY["EPSG","6269"]], PRIMEM["Greenwich",0], UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433], AUTHORITY["EPSG","4269"]], PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"], PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0], PARAMETER["central_meridian",-87], PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996], PARAMETER["false_easting",500000], PARAMETER["false_northing",0], UNIT["metre",1, AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]], AUTHORITY["EPSG","26916"]]
Lat/Lon Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon) [38.781900227820714, -86.21229040034456]
South-West (lat,lon) [38.77124602543173, -86.22300943747332]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y) [568418.53, 4292868.865]
South-West (X,Y) [567497.53, 4291678.615]
2     UAS1_Martin.tif     44.87 MB     0.25 meter     3194 x 3680                 View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
PROJCS["NAD_1983_UTM_Zone_16N", GEOGCS["NAD83", DATUM["North_American_Datum_1983", SPHEROID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.2572221010042, AUTHORITY["EPSG","7019"]], AUTHORITY["EPSG","6269"]], PRIMEM["Greenwich",0], UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433], AUTHORITY["EPSG","4269"]], PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"], PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0], PARAMETER["central_meridian",-87], PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996], PARAMETER["false_easting",500000], PARAMETER["false_northing",0], UNIT["metre",1, AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]], AUTHORITY["EPSG","26916"]]
Lat/Lon Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon) [38.780218686760364, -86.205654920823]
South-West (lat,lon) [38.771990821012146, -86.2149379980236]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y) [568996.5, 4292687.25]
South-West (X,Y) [568198.0, 4291767.25]
3     UAS2_Bedwell.tif     42.93 MB     0.25 meter     3132 x 3591                 View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
PROJCS["NAD_1983_UTM_Zone_16N", GEOGCS["NAD83", DATUM["North_American_Datum_1983", SPHEROID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.2572221010042, AUTHORITY["EPSG","7019"]], AUTHORITY["EPSG","6269"]], PRIMEM["Greenwich",0], UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433], AUTHORITY["EPSG","4269"]], PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"], PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0], PARAMETER["central_meridian",-87], PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996], PARAMETER["false_easting",500000], PARAMETER["false_northing",0], UNIT["metre",1, AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]], AUTHORITY["EPSG","26916"]]
Lat/Lon Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon) [38.779240273062285, -86.21246289117789]
South-West (lat,lon) [38.771211159490946, -86.2215644768646]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y) [568406.089, 4292573.563]
South-West (X,Y) [567623.089, 4291675.813]
4     UAS2_Martin.tif     38.65 MB     0.25 meter     3166 x 3198                 View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
PROJCS["NAD_1983_UTM_Zone_16N", GEOGCS["NAD83", DATUM["North_American_Datum_1983", SPHEROID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.2572221010042, AUTHORITY["EPSG","7019"]], AUTHORITY["EPSG","6269"]], PRIMEM["Greenwich",0], UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433], AUTHORITY["EPSG","4269"]], PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"], PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0], PARAMETER["central_meridian",-87], PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996], PARAMETER["false_easting",500000], PARAMETER["false_northing",0], UNIT["metre",1, AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]], AUTHORITY["EPSG","26916"]]
Lat/Lon Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon) [38.77943283842343, -86.20572125936982]
South-West (lat,lon) [38.772290232852576, -86.214911750783]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y) [568991.495, 4292599.995]
South-West (X,Y) [568199.995, 4291800.495]
5     UAS3_Bedwell.tif     64.23 MB     0.25 meter     3695 x 4554                 View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
PROJCS["NAD_1983_UTM_Zone_16N", GEOGCS["NAD83", DATUM["North_American_Datum_1983", SPHEROID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.2572221010042, AUTHORITY["EPSG","7019"]], AUTHORITY["EPSG","6269"]], PRIMEM["Greenwich",0], UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433], AUTHORITY["EPSG","4269"]], PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"], PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0], PARAMETER["central_meridian",-87], PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996], PARAMETER["false_easting",500000], PARAMETER["false_northing",0], UNIT["metre",1, AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]], AUTHORITY["EPSG","26916"]]
Lat/Lon Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon) [38.781436175494896, -86.21231377684047]
South-West (lat,lon) [38.771248492893044, -86.22305933494886]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y) [568416.943, 4292817.352]
South-West (X,Y) [567493.193, 4291678.852]
6     UAS4_Bedwell.tif     63.55 MB     0.25 meter     3695 x 4506                 View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
PROJCS["NAD_1983_UTM_Zone_16N", GEOGCS["NAD83", DATUM["North_American_Datum_1983", SPHEROID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.2572221010042, AUTHORITY["EPSG","7019"]], AUTHORITY["EPSG","6269"]], PRIMEM["Greenwich",0], UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433], AUTHORITY["EPSG","4269"]], PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"], PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0], PARAMETER["central_meridian",-87], PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996], PARAMETER["false_easting",500000], PARAMETER["false_northing",0], UNIT["metre",1, AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]], AUTHORITY["EPSG","26916"]]
Lat/Lon Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon) [38.78128336722785, -86.2125076419345]
South-West (lat,lon) [38.77120379658608, -86.22325197679396]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y) [568400.25, 4292800.25]
South-West (X,Y) [567476.5, 4291673.75]
7     UAS4_Martin.tif     38.50 MB     0.25 meter     3152 x 3200                 View Detail    
  SpatialReference:
PROJCS["NAD_1983_UTM_Zone_16N", GEOGCS["NAD83", DATUM["North_American_Datum_1983", SPHEROID["GRS 1980",6378137,298.2572221010042, AUTHORITY["EPSG","7019"]], AUTHORITY["EPSG","6269"]], PRIMEM["Greenwich",0], UNIT["degree",0.0174532925199433], AUTHORITY["EPSG","4269"]], PROJECTION["Transverse_Mercator"], PARAMETER["latitude_of_origin",0], PARAMETER["central_meridian",-87], PARAMETER["scale_factor",0.9996], PARAMETER["false_easting",500000], PARAMETER["false_northing",0], UNIT["metre",1, AUTHORITY["EPSG","9001"]], AUTHORITY["EPSG","26916"]]
Lat/Lon Boundary:
North-East (lat,lon) [38.77943315692788, -86.20576149217982]
South-West (lat,lon) [38.77228577208947, -86.21491174212431]
Coordinates Boundary:
North-East (X,Y) [568988.0, 4292600.0]
South-West (X,Y) [568200.0, 4291800.0]
  Summary 359.67 MB            
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Bulk Download     opentopoID: OTDS.012020.26916.1

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